Why Celebrate Diwali – Meaning of Deepavali
Deepavali is made up of two Sanskrit words – (Sanskrit: Deepavali = Deep + Avalih = row of lamps, or lamps placed in a row)
This festival is celebrated every year in autumn. This festival of Hindus is an ancient eternal festival.
The festival of Deepavali is celebrated every year on the new moon day in the month of Kartik. This festival is one of the biggest and most important festivals of India. Diwali is also called the festival of lights.
If we look at it spiritually, this festival signifies the ‘Victory of Light over Darkness’.
In almost all the festivals celebrated in India, the festival of Diwali holds great importance from the social and religious point of view. This festival is also called Deepotsav.
It is described in the Upanishads that ‘तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय ‘ means (O Lord!) Lead me from darkness to light. This is the command of the Upanishads.
The festival of Deepawali is also celebrated by the people of Sikh, Buddhist and Jain religions in India. The followers of Jainism celebrate this festival as the salvation day of Mahavir and the Sikh community celebrates this festival as Bandi Chhor Diwas.
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Mythological significance of Deepavali
Now we will tell you about the mythological significance of Deepawali because Deepawali has started with the Satya Sanatan Dharma of Hindus.
In the religious texts of Sanatan Dharma, the description of celebrating Deepawali comes in Ramayana. Which is the religious text of Hindus.
When Lord Rama, the king of Ayodhya, returned to Ayodhya after his fourteen years of exile. So at that time the heart of the people of Ayodhya was elated with the arrival of their dearest King Shri Ram.
He decorated the entire Ayodhya city with beautiful flowers and in the welcome of Lord Shri Ram, the people of Ayodhya lit ghee lamps, which lit up the whole Ayodhya.
That day was the night of intense black new moon of Kartik month. That night was lit up with the light of lamps. Since then, this festival of light is celebrated every year with joy and gaiety in the Indian Satyasanatan Dharma.
Indians celebrate this festival because Indians believe that truth always wins, lies are destroyed. This is what this festival of Diwali means.
The festival of Diwali is a festival of cleanliness and light. Preparations for Diwali begin several weeks before Diwali.
To celebrate the festival of Deepawali, every person starts the work of cleaning their houses and shops etc.
In the festival of Diwali, people also clean and decorate the shops well. The streets in the markets are also well decorated with golden flags.
Why Diwali celebrated?
If seen in the history of India, since ancient times, Deepawali was depicted as a festival in the month of Kartik of Vikram Samvat.
If we look in the Puranas, then there is a mention of Deepawali in Padma Purana and Skanda Purana.
In the same Skanda Purana, diyas (lamps) are described as representing the parts of the sun, the sun which is the first cosmic giver of light and energy for life. This is the Sun which changes its position in the month of Kartik according to the Hindu calendar.
In some areas, it is seen that Hindu Deepawali is also associated with the story of Yama and Nachiketa.
The history of Diwali is also related to the religious text Ramayana, it is written in the Ramayana that when Lord Shri Ram Chandra ji freed Mother Sita from Ravana’s captivity, and after that Lord Shri Ram took the ordeal of Mother Sita. After that Lord Shri Ram came to Ayodhya.
When Lord Shri Ram returned to Ayodhya after spending 14 years of exile according to the words given by Mata Kaikeyi.
So the people of Ayodhya had lit lamps all over Ayodhya to commemorate the arrival of Shri Ram Chandra ji, since that time the festival of Deepawali is celebrated with great pomp.